Chemical peels improve the appearance and texture of the skin by using a chemical solution. The solution removes dead skin cells from the top layers of the skin, revealing smoother, more even-toned skin underneath. Chemical peels can be classified into three types :
Superficial peels : TAlpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs) are used in superficial peels to gently exfoliate the skin. Typically, they improve the overall appearance and texture of the skin, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and reduce acne or sun damage. Chemical peels of this type are the mildest and usually do not cause significant downtime.
Medium peels : These peels use stronger acids, such as glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) to penetrate deeper into the skin. They are typically used to improve the overall appearance and texture of the skin, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and improve the appearance of acne or sun damage, age spots, and other discoloration. They can cause some redness, flaking, and peeling, but the downtime is usually minimal.
Deep peels : These peels use the strongest acids, such as phenol, to penetrate deep into the skin. They are typically used to improve the overall appearance and texture of the skin, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and improve the appearance of acne or sun damage, age spots, and other discoloration. They can cause significant redness, flaking, and peeling, and the downtime can be several weeks.
The steps for a chemical peel procedure can vary depending on the type of peel and the individual's skin type and concerns. Generally, the steps are :
Cleansing : The skin is cleansed to remove any makeup, impurities, and oils.
Preparing the skin The skin is prepared for the peel by applying a mild acid or retinoid cream.
Applying the peel The chemical solution is applied to the skin using a brush or cotton pad. The solution is left on the skin for a certain amount of time, depending on the type of peel.
Neutralizing the pee : The peel is neutralized using a neutralizing solution or water.
Applying a moisturizer and sunscreen : After the peel, a moisturizer and sunscreen is applied to the skin to protect it from UV rays.
The advantages of chemical peels include :
Improved skin texture and tone
Reduced appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Improved hydration and nourishment of the skin
Reduced appearance of acne, blackheads, and whiteheads