A condition affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, irritable bowel syndrome is also known as IBS. Colitis of the mucous membrane, spastic colitis, and nervous colitis are other names for colitis of the mucous membrane. In the general population, 7–21% of people suffer from IBS. A number of studies have found that women are more likely to be impacted than men, with prevalence ratios of 2:1 to 3:1.
The symptoms of IBS do not make you more likely to develop other colon diseases, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or colon cancer. Although the persistent and irritating nature of the symptoms often negatively impacts the affected person's quality of life, interpersonal relationships, social life, daily activities, and productivity at work.
Individuals with IBS may experience mild, moderate, or severe symptoms. Symptoms are modest for the most part. You are said to have IBS when you experience symptoms for at least three days each month for three months or longer.
Aside from stomach discomfort and pain, IBS sufferers also experience issues with bowel movement (constipation or diarrhea). It is possible that many symptoms may be similar to those of the following disorders and conditions :
There is no treatment for IBS. Medications may be helpful in controlling symptoms, but they should only be used as a last resort. In order to cope with stress and anxiety better, IBS sufferers can learn more about the ailment and discover better coping mechanisms. It may also be beneficial to make dietary changes to control symptoms.
IBS symptoms can also be managed through dietary modifications. It is important to eat around the same time every day in order to regulate bowel movements. The symptoms of diarrhea may be relieved by eating smaller meals more frequently or consuming fewer servings.
Foods high in fiber can aid in the passage of food through the intestines if constipation is a problem. Among the foods high in fiber are whole-grain bread, seeds, nuts, cereals, fruits, and vegetables. It is recommended, however, that you avoid several fruits and vegetables if you are experiencing gas and bloating.
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